- Unpleasant discharge or smell from the affected area;
- Fluid, often reddish, visible under the plates of the shell;
- Softening or lifting of the shell plates;
- Soft areas or pitting appearing in or just under the surface of the shell;
- Shell plates falling off, leaving live or necrotic bony tissue exposed.
Spotting A Fungus On Your Turtle…
Spotting A Fungus On Your Tortoise…
Is Shell Rot Contagious?
Treatment of fungal infections…
Cleaning the tank and keeping it clean.
Is There A Difference Between Rot and Fungus?
Some common causes of shell-rot include:
- Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism. This common problem in reptiles may result in a misshapen jaw. Lips are pulled over misshapen bones, and as a result gum tissue develops exposure gingivitis. This syndrome superficially looks like infectious stomatitis, and it will eventually turn into the infection if it is not treated early and properly.
- Mites. Although not a direct cause, mites can contribute to the development of the infection because they can transmit infectious organisms associated with the disease, such as Aeromonas and Pseudomonas bacteria, when they bite and suck blood.
- Trauma. Rostral abrasions from a reptile constantly rubbing its nose on a surface, such as a screen top or glass enclosure, can result in abrasions that allow opportunistic bacteria to enter the tissues and cause infection.
More Turtle And Tortoise Diseases…